HowTo: Plesk functionality

Plesk functionality explained

This section provides additional instructions for the steps that are not covered in the Plesk tutorial.


Manage the user account

Change your username to access Plesk

Customers do not have the option to change the login name of their user account in the Plesk GUI. You must contact your provider if you want to change the login name for your user account.

Change your password to access Plesk

To change your password, hover over your username at the top of the page and click edit profile or go to My profile, Enter your new password and confirm it.

MyProfile_General

Change the language of the user interface

If you want to change the language of your interface, hover over your username at the top of the page and click edit profile, or go to My profile, Select the desired language from the menu Plesk language out.

MyProfile_Language

Change your contact information

If you want to change your contact information, hover over your username at the top of the page and click edit profile, or go to My profile, Then go to the tab contact details, Change your contact information and confirm it.

MyProfile_Contacts

Log out of Plesk

You can log out of Plesk by hovering your mouse pointer over the top of the page and clicking on your username Sign out click.

Log_out


Manage web hosting


Add domains

If your subscription allows it, you can create more than one domain under a single subscription. The newly added domain then shares the subscription resources with all other domains belonging to the same subscription. But in all respects, the newly created domain is independent of the main domain: it has its own webhosting and DNS settings, databases, e-mail accounts, etc.

Adding a new domain is helpful in the following scenarios:

  • You want to create an additional website that is unrelated to any of the existing sites, including their own name, web content, email accounts, etc. In this scenario, you must be aware that you have another second-level Domain names for the new site, unless you have an additional one. A second-level domain name consists of a name and a top-level domain suffix (short: TLD) such as .com or .net. Beispiel.com is an example of a second-level domain. You can register a domain name in many cases directly with your provider. Alternatively, you can buy a domain name from any domain registrar.
  • You want to transfer a domain that is already hosted by another provider. In this scenario, you may need to contact your domain registrar to have the authoritative name servers change the domain name of the website you want to transfer to the Plesk Name servers. You will also need to transfer the website content & #8211; You can do this via FTP or File Manager as described in the section Upload content described, upload.
  • You want to set up a website that redirects visitors to another website. Possible reasons for setting up such forwarding can be found in the section Add domain aliases listed. For such a domain alias you need a separate domain name.

To add a new domain, go to Websites & Domains > Add a domain.

Add_domain


Add subdomains

If your subscription permits, you can create one or more subdomains for each of your domains, also known as third-level domains. Subdomains share all the subscription resources with all other domains and subdomains that belong to the same subscription. However, each subdomain can have its own webhosting and DNS settings.

Adding a new subdomain is helpful in the following scenarios:

  • You want to organize the structure of your website logically. For example, you can put the information about your business under info.beispiel.com show or your online store below store.beispiel.com provide.
  • You want to host a large number of simple websites and do not want to buy a separate domain name for each website. For example, you can use private websites by using addresses like maxmueller.beispiel.com and erikamueller.beispiel.com host.

To add a new subdomain, go to Websites & Domains > Add subdomain.

Add_subdomain


Add domain aliases

If your subscription allows it, you can create one or more domain aliases. Domain aliases do not have their own content, but redirect to another website. Note, however, that you will need to register another second-level domain name for the domain alias, unless you already have one. You can register a domain name in many cases directly with your provider. Alternatively, you can buy a domain name from any domain registrar.

Adding a new domain alias is useful in the following scenarios:

  • You want to make sure that visitors can find your website regardless of the TLD entered. For example, you can beispiel.net and beispiel.org register and use these as domain aliases pointing to your website beispiel.com refer.
  • You want to make sure visitors can find your site with typos. For example, you could use the domain beipsiel.com Register and be a domain alias with redirect to your website beispiel.com use.
  • You want to change the domain name of your website, but also make sure that visitors who enter your old domain name find your website as well. For example, suppose you want the domain name of your website from beispiel.com in anderesbeispiel.com modify. For the scenario mentioned, you can name beispiel.com to configure it to be a domain alias pointing to your new website anderesbeispiel.com forwards.

To add a new domain alias, go to Websites & Domains > Add a domain alias.

Add_domain_alias


Set up custom error pages

Sometimes a problem can occur on the web server that causes the web server to not display the page requested by the visitor on your web site correctly. In that case a special error page with the corresponding error code will be displayed. Usually such pages are often generic and may not be informative enough. You can replace the standard error pages with your own.

Set up custom error pages on Linux
  1. Go to Websites & Domains > Hosting settings.
  2. Activate the check box at Custom error documents and click OK.

    Custom_error_pages_Linux

  3. Connect to your FTP account and go to the directory error_docs.
  4. Edit or replace the respective files. Be sure to keep the correct filenames:
    • 400 Invalid file request & #8211; bad_request.html
    • 401 Unauthorized & #8211; unauthorized.html
    • 403 Not allowed / Access denied & #8211; forbidden.html
    • 404 Not found & #8211; not_found.html
    • 405 Method not allowed & #8211; method_not_allowed.html
    • 406 Unacceptable & #8211; not_acceptable.html
    • 407 Proxy authentication required & #8211; proxy_authentication_required.html
    • 412 Precondition not fulfilled & #8211; precondition_failed.html
    • 414 Request URI too long & #8211; request-uri_too_long.html
    • 415 Unsupported media type & #8211; unsupported_media_type.html
    • 500 Internal server error & #8211; internal_server_error.html
    • 501 Not implemented & #8211; not_implemented.html
    • 502 Invalid Gateway & #8211; bad_gateway.html
    • 503 Service not available at the moment & #8211; maintenance.html

Your error documents will then be used by the web server after the web server is restarted.

Set up custom error pages on Windows
  1. Go to Websites & Domains > Hosting settings.

    Activate the check box at Custom error documents and click OK.

    Custom_error_pages_Windows

  2. click on Virtual directories and open the tab error documents, Now the list of error documents for the root web directory is displayed. These will be used for all pages of the selected website. If you want to customize the error pages for a particular virtual directory, you must first navigate to that directory.
  3. Click on the error document that you want to change. The following options are available:
    • If you want to use the default document provided by IIS for this error page, select from the menu Type the entry default out.
    • Do you want to use a custom HTML document located in the directory error_docs located in the virtual host directory of the domain, select from the menu Type the entry file and enter the file name in the field place at.
    • If you want to use a custom HTML document located in a directory other than error_docs is in the menu Type the entry URL out and enter in the field place the path of the document. The path must be specified relative to the home directory of the virtual host (that is, the folder %plesk_vhosts% \ \ httpdocs).

      Example: You have the file named forbidden_403_1.html created and put them in the directory my mistakes in httpdocs saved. To use this file as an error document, you must use the following path in the field place specify: /my_errors/forbidden_403_1.html.

Note: You can upload your custom error document to the server via FTP or File Manager in Plesk. By default, all error documents are in the directory %plesk_vhosts% \ \ Error_docs \ saved.

Your error documents will then be used by the web server after the web server is restarted.


Set up an HTTP 301 redirect

Plesk provides two ways to set up search engine friendly HTTP 301 redirection from one site to another. In this way, the search engine rankings of the website to which you are forwarding remain unscathed. For example, if you have an HTTP 301 redirect from beispiel.com on www.beispiel.com set up, search engines consider the www version and the version without www as the same website. In contrast, if you use HTTP 302 redirect, the two versions of the site are considered different sites. As a result, the rankings are then divided among them.

If you want to set up an HTTP 301 redirect using domain aliases, go to Websites & Domains > Add a domain alias.

Add_domain_alias

On the other hand, if you want to set up an HTTP 301 redirect using the Forwarding Hosting Type, go to Websites & Domains > Add a domain.

Add_domain


Configure the preferred domain

As a rule, every website has both a URL with the www prefix (eg. www.beispiel.com) as well as without a prefix (eg beispiel.com) reachable. Our recommendation is to decide on a variant and always let visitors pass on the other variant. Usually the version without www is chosen. Let's take an example: If you have the version without www (beispiel.com) as the preferred domain, visitors will be on beispiel.com forwarded, even if she www.beispiel.com in the address bar of your browser.

You can configure or disable the preferred domain by clicking Websites & Domains > Hosting settings walk.

Hosting_Settings

Plesk uses the search engine friendly HTTP 301 code for forwarding. This will help maintain your site's search engine rankings (preferred domain). If you turn off redirection, however, the two versions of the site are considered by search engines as different websites. As a result, the rankings are then divided among them.


Set the default home page

To change the default index page in Plesk for Linux:
  1. Go to Websites & Domains > Settings for Apache & nginx.

    Apache & Nginx

  2. Choose in the section index files the option Enter your own value out. Specify the file name (s) to use as the default page. You can specify more than one file, but you must separate the file names with a space. If you Eg & #8222; index.htm index.php & #8220; specify, the web server becomes the file index.htm use as default page. If no file with this name is found, then index.php used.

    Apache_Index_files

To change the default index page in Plesk for Windows:
  1. Go to Websites & Domains > IIS settings.

    Windows_IIS_settings

  2. Choose in the section standard documents the option Enter your own value out. Add file names or remove the desired names from the list. In this list, the web server searches from top to bottom for the file for the default page. If you First & #8222; index.htm & #8220; and directly below & #8222; index.php & #8220; the web server will use the index.htm file as the default page. If no file with this name is found, then index.php will be used.

Windows_default_documents


Change the document root directory

Each domain-hosted domain in Plesk has its own directory created on the server's file system. By default, the path to this directory is as follows:

  • Under Linux: / Var / www / vhosts /
  • Under Windows: C: \ Inetpub \ vhosts \

This folder contains the document root directory, ie the folder in which the entire web content of the domain is stored. By default, this is the folder httpdocsbut it can also be changed in Plesk.

If you want to change the root directory, go to Websites & Domains > Hosting settings, Change the directory name in the field there documents master.

document_root


Select the PHP version

To change the PHP version, go to Websites & Domains > Hosting settings and select the required version in the menu PHP version out.

PHP_VERSION


Configure the PHP settings

If you want to change the PHP settings, go to Websites & Domains > PHP settings.

PHP_Settings


Select the ASP.NET version

To change the ASP.NET version, go to Websites & Domains > Hosting settings and select the required version in the menu version next to the checkbox Microsoft ASP.NET support out.

ASP_Net_version


Setting the MIME types

Multipurpose Internet Mail Exchange (MIME) types indicate to a web browser or an e-mail application how to handle the files received from the server. For example, when a web browser queries an object from a server, it also asks for the MIME type of that object. Some MIME types, such as graphics, can be displayed within the browser. Others, such as word processing documents, require an external application to be presented.

By setting custom MIME types, you can choose which applications to use to open a particular file type on the client side.

To configure the MIME types in Plesk for Linux, go to Websites & Domains > Settings for Apache & nginx.

Apache & Nginx

To configure the MIME types in Plesk for Windows, go to Websites & Domains > IIS settings.

Windows_IIS_settings

Next, specify the MIME types that map file extensions to the file extensions. For example: & #8222; text / plain .mytxt & #8220 ;.

MIME_types


Upload content

Plesk offers two convenient ways to upload content to your domains:

  • Upload content via FTP. Using a program called the FTP client, you can connect to the server and upload your content.
  • Upload content with the File Manager. Plesk allows you to upload and edit content using a web interface.

Upload content via FTP

You need the following information to connect to the server via FTP:

  • FTP server address. The FTP address is your domain name, ie the internet address of your website.
  • FTP user. It is identical to your system user name. You can find out the system user name by going to Websites & Domains go and on Web Hosting Access click. The system user name can be found under User name, You can change it if you like.
  • FTP password. This is identical to your system user password. If you do not know what the system user password is, go to Websites & Domains > Web Hosting Access, Under password you can reset the password.

You also need an FTP client program. There are many free FTP clients available on the Internet. Eg FileZilla or FireFTP. Download and install such a client on your computer to connect to the FTP server. For information on installing and configuring your FTP client, refer to the instructions of the FTP client.

If you want to change the username or password of the FTP account, go to Websites & Domains > Web Hosting Access.

Web_hosting_acess

Then enter the new username and password for the system users at.

system_user


Upload content with the File Manager

If you want to upload content, go to files, navigate to the folder where you want to upload the content, click upload, select the file you want to upload and click to open.

Note: When uploading multiple files, it is recommended to put the files into an archive file, upload them and then extract the files. This saves you time. Currently only ZIP archive files are supported.

File_Manager_upload

To download a file, go to files, navigate to the location of the file you want to download, click the icon Box_menu next to the file to download and select in the menu download out.

File_Manager_download

If you want to compress files, go to files, navigate to the location of the file or folder you want to compress. Select the check box next to it and click Add to archive.

File_Manager_compress

To extract files from an archive, go to files, select the check box next to the desired file and click Extract files.

File_Manager_extract

If you want to edit files, go to files, navigate to the location of the file you want to edit, and do one of the following:

  • To edit a file in the Code Editor, click the icon next to the file to be edited and select in the menu Edit in Code Editor out.
  • If you want to edit the file in the HTML editor, click on the icon next to the file to be edited and select in the menu Edit in HTML Editor out.
  • If you want to edit the file in the text editor, click on the icon next to the file to be edited and select in the menu Edit in text editor out.

    File_Manager_edit


Manage e-mail accounts

An e-mail service enables internet users to send e-mail messages to each other. Plesk can also act as a mail server. It also provides the ability to create and manage e-mail accounts. These include a variety of common e-mail-related actions. For example, the password for an e-mail account can be changed, an automatic response can be activated and much more.

To create an e-mail account:

Go to e-mail > Create an e-mail address.

Create_mail_address

How to access your e-mail account via webmail:

  • Call the URL in a web browser webmail.beispiel.com on, where beispiel.com the internet address of your website is. When prompted, enter your complete e-mail address as the user name (eg. mail@beispiel.com) as well as the password for the e-mail address.
  • If you are logged in to Plesk, select e-mail and click on the symbol in the list of e-mail addresses Webmail next to the desired e-mail address.

Note: If you can not open the webmail page, make sure that a webmail solution is enabled. Open to it e-mail > E-mail settings, Then click the name of the domain that can not be accessed for webmail and select a webmail client from the menu Webmail out.

To access your e-mail account via e-mail client:

Install an e-mail client program on your computer and start it. In such programs, the following settings are usually required:

  • User name, Enter your complete e-mail address in this field. For example maxmueller@beispiel.com.
  • password, Enter the password for your e-mail account here.
  • Mail server protocol, This property defines whether you want to save copies of the messages on the server or not. If you want to save copies to the server, select the option IMAP out. If you do not want to save copies to the server, select the option POP3 out. Selecting IMAP also allows you to use the spam filter & #8222; SpamAssassin & #8220; to train for incoming e-mail messages, provided that SpamAssassin is enabled on the server.
  • Incoming mail server (POP3 / IMAP), Enter your domain name here. For example beispiel.com, The default POP3 port is 110. The default IMAP port is 143.
  • Outgoing mail server (SMTP), Enter your domain name here. For example beispiel.com, The default SMTP port is 25. Specify that the server requires authentication.

For detailed instructions on how to configure your e-mail client, please refer to the technical documentation of your e-mail client.

Note: If you can not access your mailbox using the instructions in this section, this may be due to the mail server settings. For example, e-mail services might communicate on non-standard ports or access to them could be blocked. Contact your hosting provider to resolve the issue.


Manage DNS records

A domain name is a human readable web address of a web site and can be used to access the web site. The translation of human-readable names into machine-readable names is done by the Domain Name System, DNS for short. Therefore, it is also important that the DNS settings for your websites are correct, otherwise the function of your services could be disturbed. For example, it could happen that your domain is no longer available or emails can no longer reach your mail server. Plesk can act as the primary name server (master server) or secondary name server (slaveserver) for your domains. The DNS settings are automatically configured but can also be changed through the user interface. If the DNS service for your domains is provided by a third-party name server, you can also disable the DNS service in Plesk.


Add and modify DNS records

Note: This section is for advanced users. Incorrect configuration of DNS settings can negatively affect the availability of the website and the email service.

For each new domain name, Plesk automatically creates a DNS zone with the configuration settings specified by your service provider. With automatic configuration, the domain name should work without problems. However, if you are using the Plesk Name Server and need to make your own modifications to the domain name zone, you can do so in your Control Panel.

To see the resource records in a domain's DNS zone, go to Websites & Domains > DNS settings.

DNS_settings

If you want to add a resource record to the zone, go to Websites & Domains > DNS settings> Add entry.

Add_DNS_record

To change the properties of a resource record, go to Websites & Domains > DNS settings and click on the entry.

In addition to the resource records described above, there is also an entry named & #8222; Start of Authority & #8220; (SOA entry) available. This entry indicates that this DNS name server is responsible for the DNS zone of the domain. It also contains settings related to passing information about the DNS zone in the Domain Name System.


Using external DNS servers

If you host sites under your account and you do not want to use Plesk Server as your primary DNS server (master DNS server), you have the following options:

  • You use the Plesk Name Server as a secondary name server (Slave Name Server). This option is advisable if you have a standalone name server that acts as the primary name server (master name server) for your websites.
  • You disable the DNS for your domain in Plesk. Select this option if you have external primary and secondary name servers that are authoritative for your websites.

If you want to turn the Plesk DNS server into a secondary name server, go to Websites & Domains > DNS settings and click Master / Slave.

If you want to turn the Plesk DNS server back into the primary name server, go to Websites & Domains > DNS settings and click Master / Slave.

If you want to disable Plesk's DNS service for a website served by external name servers, go to Websites & Domains > DNS settings and click Deactivate.


Manage web applications

Web applications are software products that are installed on Web sites designed to enhance functionality or enhance the user experience. The Plesk Application Vault provides a wide variety of applications covering a wide range of application scenarios. They can be installed with minimal effort through the Plesk interface.

To install an application, go to applications > To install or Install (custom) or Install version.

APPLICATION_INSTALL


View statistics

Website visitor statistics

If you want to enable web statistics or change the web statistics application, go to Websites & Domains > Hosting settings, Select in the menu Web statistics The web statistics software that you want to use to display website traffic in the form of graphical reports and charts.

Web_statistics_enable

You can see the web statistics about Websites & Domains > Web statistics.

Web_statistics_view

Note: If you do not see any web statistics after following the previous instructions, this most likely indicates they have not yet been generated for the domain in question. Most likely, the domain was recently created or web statistics were just activated. After 24 hours, try repeating this guide. If the web statistics are not displayed then you should contact your provider.

Report on storage and traffic consumption

See the space and traffic utilization report at statistics.

statistics


Manage backups

You should always keep backup copies of your web sites to be prepared for disasters and malicious attacks. Backup copy creation is greatly simplified in Plesk with the backup and restore feature. With it you can create backups of both the configuration and the content. These include website content, email accounts, databases, and more. Likewise, you can restore such data with the feature if necessary. In addition, you can download and upload backup files created in Plesk. Even files created in older versions of Plesk can be uploaded. Created backups can be stored either locally or in a remote FTP store.


Backup of account and websites

To secure all your account information and subscriptions, go to account > Back up your account and websites.

Back_up_account_websites

To secure the websites of the selected subscription, go to account > Back up websites.

Back_up_websites

Then click Create backupto create a new backup.

Back_Up


Restore backups

You can restore backups created in Plesk Onyx or earlier, but no backups from Plesk prior to 8.6. The following recovery options are available:

  • Restoring backups in Plesk 11.5 or earlier, or restoring backups created in Plesk 11.5 or earlier. In that case, all objects contained in the backup file will be restored. Objects on the server that have the same name will be overwritten. If you For example, a backup file of the domain beispiel.com Restore and the file contains domain content, the server will be the domain already existing domain content beispiel.com overwritten with the data in the backup file.
  • Restoring backups in Plesk 12.0 or later, with the backup created in Plesk 12.0 or later. You can choose which files to restore from the backup file. You can restore a specific website, file, database, and so on. This allows you to really only recover the objects you need without overwriting other objects. For example, if you only have the DNS zone of the domain beispiel.com you do not need to restore the configuration of all other domains right away.

To restore a backup file, go to account > Back up websites, Then click on the required backup, specify what you want to restore and click on Restore.

Restore

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